Benedetto Caliari, called Benedetto Veronese, was the brother of famed Venetian painter Paolo Veronese. Benedetto’s oeuvre has been recently receiving independent scholarly attention. Diana and Actaeon is related to a painting in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, which until recently was attributed to Paolo Veronese. The attribution is now being reconsidered in light of the existence of this drawing by some scholars who believe the painting is a work by Benedetto. The story of Diana and Actaeon is told in Ovid’s Metamorphoses. The tale tells of the hunter Actaeon stumbling accidentally on the goddess Diana bathing. Her anger at having been seen unclothed provokes her to turn him into a stag and he is subsequently hunted down by his own hounds.