Bynum, Caroline Walker. Jesus as Mother: Studies in the Spirituality of the High Middle Ages. Berkley: University of California Press, 1982.

DeVun, Leah. “The Jesus Hermaphrodite: Science and Sex Difference in Premodern Europe.” Journal of the History of Ideas, vol. 69, no. 2 (2008): 193-218.

Harl Sellew, Melissa. “Reading the Gospel of Thomas from Here: A Trans-Centred Hermeneutic.” Journal for Interdisciplinary Biblical Studies, vol. 1.2 (Spring 2020): 61-96.

Sexon, Sophie. “Gender-Querying Christ’s Wounds: A Non-Binary Interpretation of Christ’s Body in Late Medieval Imagery.” In Trans and Genderqueer Subjects in Medieval Hagiography, ed. Alicia Spencer-Hall and Blak Gutt, 133-153. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam Press, 2021.

Skoda, Hannah. “St. Wilgefortis and Her/Their Beard: The Devotions of Happy Wives and Non-Binary People.” History Workshop Journal, (April 2023): 1-24.

Further Materials

Betancourt, Roland. Byzantine Intersectionality: Sexuality, Gender, and Race in the Middle Ages. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2020.

Hall, Susanne DeWitt. “Jesus: The First Transgender Man.” Huffpost, The Blog, May 16, 2016. Web.

Harwood-Jones, Markus. “Replying to @nyka251 there’s about as much evidence for my take on this as any other so [shrug emoji][male gender sign].” TikTok. Web.

Jones, Jude. “The Queer Body of Christ.” The Cambridge Language Collective, 2022. Web.

Spencer-Hall, Alicia, and Blake Gutt, eds. Trans and Genderqueer Subjects in Medieval Hagiography. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2021.

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